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The human parainfluenza viruses (HPIVs) and mumps virus (MuV) are taxonomically divided among the genera Respirovirus and Rubulavirus within the family Paramyxoviridae, order Mononegavirales. HPIV-1 and HPIV-3 are included in…1528
All of the viruses described in this chapter are enveloped and possess helical nucleocapsids. Particles range in size from ,150 to 350 nm and tend to adopt pleomorphic morphologies that…1528
HPIVs are thought to be transmitted by large-droplet aerosols and by contact with contaminated surfaces. The viruses have been shown to remain infectious for up to 10 h on porous…1529
More than 150,000 cases of mumps were expected each year in the United States before aggressive vaccination programs were implemented in the late 1960s. The mumps vaccine was combined with…1535
Volume Editor: Marie Louise Landry
Editors in Chief: Karen C. Carroll and Michael A. Pfaller
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